What is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer is defined as cancer that occurs in the kidneys. Kidneys are the major organs of the body that are bean-shaped, useful in the filtration process, and removal of waste particles from the body. Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common types of kidney cancers that occurs in the renal tubules which are lining of the tiny tubes of the kidney.

Wilm’s tumor is the one which is most likely occurred in kidney cancer in young children. The other different types of renal cell carcinoma include papillary renal cell carcinoma, chromophobe carcinoma, and clear cell carcinoma. The cancers that are found in the center of the kidney are called transitional cell carcinomas.

Kidney Cancer Causes

Some studies show that frequent dialysis is one of the most common causes of kidney cancer. Kidney cancer risk also increases with the increase in the age of the individual. Comparing to non-smokers, smokers do have an increased risk. The risk is even higher in persons who have a family history of kidney cancer. But, don’t worry because the Best Kidney Cancer Remedy in Pune will take care of it more efficiently.

Some of the persons with inherited syndromes such as von Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, Hippel-Lindau disease, tuberous sclerosis complex, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma, or familial renal cancer have a higher risk. Overweight, high blood pressure is also some of the risk factors.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer Symptoms usually do not appear in the initial stages but can be identified as the disease progresses. Blood in the urine usually appears red, pale pink, or cola color. Loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss, a lump in the side or lower back severe back pain, tiredness, fever, anemia, and fatigue are some of them.

Kidney Cancer Treatment Stages

Various stages of kidney cancer treatment are indicated as follows,

Stage I: Tumor size is 7 cm or less

Stage II: Tumor size is more than 7cm but is in the kidney only.

Stage III: The tumor growth is beyond the kidney and may extend to the adrenal glands or nearby tissues.

Stage IV: Cancer may spread to lymph nodes and also may to the liver, lung, or bladder.

Kidney cancer treatment

What are the different stages of Kidney Cancer Treatment?It depends on how extensive the cancer is and the general health of the patient. Surgery is sometimes still possible in some cases.

After surgery chemotherapy along with radiation therapy is given and we provide the best Kidney Cancer Treatment in Pune

Generally, the type of surgery depends on the following factors:

  • Surgeon’s choice
  • Tumor’s location
  • Tumor’s grade
  • Tumor’s stage.
  1. Targetedtherapy

This uses drugs that can kill the cancer cells and also blocks proteins or new blood vessels where the cancer cells need to grow.

  • Immunotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

Kidney Cancer Treatment Stage 1:

  • Surgery- radical, simple, or partial nephrectomy
  • Radiation therapy to the patients for whom surgery is not possible
  • Atrialembolizationa way which blocks the blood flow to the tumor cells
  • A clinical trial treatment

Kidney Cancer Treatment Stage 2:

  • Surgery- radical or partial nephrectomy
  • Nephrectomy before or after radiation therapy
  • Atrial embolization as palliative therapy
  • Radiation therapy

Kidney Cancer Treatment Stage 3:

  • Surgery- radical nephrectomy, blood vessels of the kidney and some of the lymph nodes may also be removed
  • Surgery to reduce the size of the tumor
  • Targeted therapy
  • Biologic therapy
  • Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to relieve the symptoms
  • Atrial embolization to block the blood flow to the tumor

Kidney Cancer Treatment Stage 4:

  • Surgery- radical nephrectomy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Biologic therapy
  • Radiation therapy as palliative therapy
  • Clinical trial as a new treatment

Kidney Cancer Preventions:

There is no proven way to prevent kidney cancer. But some precautions need to be taken to prevent it. Some of them include:

  • Smoking cessation
  • Maintaining normal blood pressure
  • Healthy weight
  • Eating fiber-rich food and a low-fat diet

Kidney Cancer Specialists in Pune, – Dr. Irfan Shaikh