Urinary retention is a medical condition characterized by the inability to empty the bladder completely or at all. This condition can be caused by various factors, and it affects both men and women of all ages. In this article, we will discuss, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and urinary retention treatment in Pune options.


It can be caused by both obstructive and non-obstructive factors as per the best urology Hospital in Pune. Obstructive factors include:

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): This is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that commonly occurs in men as they age. It can compress the urethra, which carries urine from the bladder, leading to thus Problem.

Prostate cancer: Prostate cancer can also cause urinary retention by blocking the flow of urine through the urethra.

Bladder stones: Bladder stones are hard deposits of minerals that form in the bladder. They can obstruct the urethra, leading to urinary retention.

Non-obstructive factors include:

Weak bladder muscles: Weak bladder muscles can result from nerve damage caused by diabetes, spinal cord injuries, or multiple sclerosis.

Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and antidepressants, can cause urinary retention.

Infection or inflammation: Infection or inflammation of the bladder, urethra, or prostate can cause swelling and obstruct urine flow.

Symptoms of Urinary Retention

The symptoms of urinary retention may include:

  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream
  • Dribbling after urination
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic region
  • Urgency to urinate
  • Incontinence
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Urinary Retention

To diagnose this disease, the doctor may perform a physical examination and order some tests, such as a urinalysis, ultrasound, or cystoscopy. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. They may include:

Medications: If the cause of urinary retention is due to an infection or inflammation, antibiotics or anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed.

Catheterization: A catheter may be inserted into the urethra to drain the bladder if the retention is severe and the patient cannot urinate at all.

Surgery: If this disease is caused by an obstruction such as BPH or prostate cancer, surgery may be necessary to remove the obstruction.

Lifestyle modifications: Simple lifestyle changes such as drinking enough fluids, avoiding bladder irritants such as caffeine and alcohol, and practicing pelvic floor exercises can help relieve symptoms.


Urinary retention is a common medical condition that can be caused by various factors, including BPH, prostate cancer, weak bladder muscles, medications, and infections. Symptoms include difficulty starting urination, weak urine stream, and incontinence. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition and may include medication, catheterization, surgery, or lifestyle modifications. Anyone experiencing symptoms of urinary retention should seek medical attention from Best Urologist in Pune Dr. Irfan Shaikh promptly to avoid complications.

About Dr. Irfan Shaikh

Dr. Irfan Shaikh – Consultant Urologist & Uro Surgeon (MBBS, MS (Gen. Surgery), M.Ch. Urology), is one of the Top Urologists In Pune. A gold medalist in the department of Urology, Dr. Irfan Shaikh specializes in Female Urology in India. He has finished his education at one of the top colleges with MBBS from Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College & Sasson General Hospital in Pune and MS in general surgery from PGI, Chandigarh. Moreover, he has also done M.Ch in Urology from Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital. Having so many degrees from prestigious institutes, Dr. Irfan Shaikh ensures to treat his patients with all the knowledge that he has accumulated over the years.